In addition, around 4.7 million people have fled to neighboring countries. Most of them went to Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. A large proportion of the refugees live in municipalities and communities, as opposed to refugee camps. In terms of provisions, this poses several challenges. It is especially challenging for host communities to ensure waste management, water and energy provision, and municipal governance for the rapidly increasing number of inhabitants.
Numerous German municipalities can offer the knowledge and experience required. Because of this, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (Bundesministerium für Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung – BMZ) has launched a programme that promotes cooperative partnerships between the host communities in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, and German municipalities.